Official DIHEF Community for Women and Young Girls
Wood Profits In wood work, once the wood is finished to the required dimensions and shape, it has to undergo a special wood finishing process, only after which you can take it to the show rooms. Finishing Wood is the term applied to providing finesse to the wood surface and even protecting its surface by various operations and materials.
Wood Surface Preparation
The process of finishing starts with the preparation of the wood surface by hand sanding or by using a sanding block, power sander, or by manual or machine planing. Slight inundations and holes in the wood are filled using wood putty or wood filler. The wood is then treated with a barrier coat of some kind of wood conditioner before the color stains are applied to it by the process of staining, bleaching, ammonia fuming etc., to prevent blotching. The application of the color coat also serves to distribute the stains evenly on woods like pine and cherry which are hostile to even staining.
Application Of Wood Finishes
Once the surface treatment of the wood is over, it subjected to the next step in the process which is the application of wood finishes, some of which include wax, shellac and drying/absorbing oils (like Linseed Oil and tung oil), lacquer, varnish or paint, depending on the finish specified for the article. Water-based finishes are not recommended as they disturb the grains and necessitate further sanding. In between the several coats of finishes that may be required to meet the specification, a sanding operation is often done to enhance the quality of the finish.